Coined by Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams
The Flipped Classroom (FC) is a pedagogical model that transfers the work of certain processes of learning outside the classroom and use class time, along with the experience of teachers, to facilitate and enhance other procurement processes and practical knowledge within the classroom.
However, " to flipp" a class is much more than the publication and distribution of a video. This is a comprehensive approach that combines direct instruction with constructivist methods, increasing commitment and involvement of students with the course content and improve their conceptual understanding. This is a comprehensive approach that, when successfully implemented, will support all phases of a learning cycle.
When teachers design and publish a "online" class time is released so that it canfacilitate student participation in active through questions, discussions and applied activities that encourage exploration learning, articulation and implementation of ideas.
Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams, two chemistry teachers in Woodland Park High School in Woodland Park Colorado, coined the term "Flipped Classroom". Bergmann and Sams realized that students often lost some classes for certain reasons (illness, for example). In an effort to help these students, they boosted recording and video distribution, but also realized that this same model allows the teacher to focus more attention on individual learning needs of each student.
When we use the term "Flipped Classroom" we must bear in mind that many similar instructional models have been developed under other names. Peer Instruction (PI) was developed by Harvard professor Eric Mazur, and incorporates a technique called "teaching just-in-time" as a complementary element to the model FC. "Teaching Just-in-time" allows the teacher to receive feedback from students the day before class so that he can prepare strategies and activities to focus on deficiencies that may exist in students in understanding the content. Mazur model focuses largely on conceptual understanding, and although this element is not a necessary component of FC, has a clear and close connotations.
- References & Web Links: Youtube: The Flipped Classroom https://youtu.be/2H4RkudFzlc
Book: "Flip Your Classroom: Reach Every Student in Every Class Every Day" Jonathan Bergmann & Aaron Sams